caries risk factors & Prevention

RISK FACTORS

GENETICS

Certain risk factors are determined by the individual’s genetic makeup. Salivary flow and composition affects the natural clearance of both food debris and cariogenic bacteria. Morphology of the tooth influences deposit of food debris, removal of biofilm, and susceptibility to caries.

BACTERIAL INFECTION

Different bacteria strain have different levels of ceriogenicity. Cariogenic bacteria screening can predict the risk of caries development.

LIFESTYLE

An individual’s diet, hygiene, and fluoride use all influence the development of caries. Frequent exposure to sugary snacks and foods increase caries development. Good oral hygiene reduces cariogenic bacteria levels thus reducing caries development. Fluoride treatment makes enamel more resistant to acid erosion thus slowing caries development.

PREVENTION

CARIOGENIC BACTERIA TESTS


Provide an objective measurement of individual’s risk of caries development.

Good oral home care

Includes brushing teeth at least twice daily using fluoride-containing toothpaste and flossing between teeth.

PROFESSIONAL CARE

Includes regular professional teeth cleanings and dental check-ups.

A healthy teeth diet

Includes fresh fruits and vegetables, avoiding frequent snacking and acidic beverages, and drinking fluoride-fortified water.