Professional fluoride treatments containing higher concentration of fluoride than fluoride found in tap water, toothpaste, and mouth rinses, may help restore the tooth’s enamel and reverse very early stage cavities.
Fillings are also called restorations. They are the main treatment option for dental cavities. Filling material can be tooth-colored composite resins, porcelain or dental amalgam.
Crowns are used to treat extensive tooth decay or weakened teeth. They are a custom-fitted covering to replace the tooth’s entire natural crown. Crown material may be of gold, high strength porcelain, resin, or porcelain fused to metal or other materials.
Root canals are used to treat tooth decay that has reached the inner material of the tooth (pulp). The root canal procedure removes the decayed pulp by replacing it with a filling, which can be used to repair a severely damaged tooth instead of tooth removal.
In the worst scenario of tooth decay, tooth extraction are needed when a tooth cannot be restored. A bridge or a dental implant is used to replace the missing tooth.