Systemic Diseases

Cardiovascular diseases

Periodontal disease associated inflammation and bacterial infection increases risk for heart disease and stroke.


Diabetic patients are at increased risk of developing periodontal disease. The presence of periodontal disease can further increase blood sugar levels and diabetic complications.

Pregnancy complications

Maternal periodontal disease increases the incidence of premature delivery and preeclampsia.

Respiratory infection

Periodontal bacteria in the oral cavity increases the risk of pneumonia.


Periodontal disease patients have increased risk of developing kidney and pancreatic cancer, as well as hematologic malignancies.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Periodontal pathogen: Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans is associated with rheumatoid arthritis.

Alzheimer’s Disease

Persistent periodontal disease increases the risk for Alzheimer’s disease and cognitive decline in Alzheimer’s.

Eye Disorders

Periodontal disease increases the risk for macular degeneration and glaucoma.